Cancer is the term used to define diseases in which abnormal cells divide without control and can invade other tissues. Cancer cells can spread to other parts of the body by the bloodstream and lymphatic system.
Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There is more of 100 different types of cancer.
Most are named for the organ or cells where they begin; for example, cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer; cancer that begins in basal cells of the skin is called basal cell carcinoma.
Types of cancer
The main categories of cancer are:
- Carcinoma: cancer that begins in the skin or in tissues that line or cover internal organs. There are several subtypes of carcinoma, among them, adenocarcinoma, Basal cell carcinoma, Squamous cell carcinoma and transitional cell carcinoma.
- Sarcoma: cancer that begins in bone, cartilage, grease, muscle, blood vessels, or other connective or supportive tissue.
- Leukemia: cancer that begins in the tissue in which blood is formed, as bone marrow, and causes large numbers of blood cells are produced abnormal blood entering.
- Lymphoma and myeloma: Cancers that begin in cells of the immune system.
- Cancers CNS: Cancers that begin in the tissues of the brain and spinal cord.
Cancer statistics in Mexico
Cancer is the third leading cause of death in Mexico and according to estimates by the International Union Against Cancer, each year totaling more than 128,000 cases of Mexicans. From the 2008, It is the leading cause of death worldwide.
exist 100 types of cancer, most are curable if detected in early stages. In Mexico, the 60% cases are detected in advanced stages..
In 2009 the rate of cancer mortality in Mexico was 65 For each 100,000 population, according to the latest figures, of the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI).